ICSI by Dr. Garavelas

a magnifier and a sperm

Microferma or IntraCytoplasmic Sperm Injection (ICSI), revolutionized IVF in the 1990s. The successful application of the method, worldwide, for more than three decades, as well as the latest developments of oocyte micromanipulation techniques, solves the most complex fertility problems.

What is Microfertility?

Microfertility (ICSI) is a method of assisted reproduction that is mainly used to treat fertility problems associated with sperm quality. For many couples unable to apply “classical fertilization” due to serious sperm problems (oligoestherospermia, obstructive azoospermia, etc.), the application of microfertility may be the solution to the problem.

How microfertility is performed?

When applied, the embryologist selects the appropriate sperm and injects it into the egg. In this way good or bad quality eggs can be fertilized by a weak sperm. In case of obstructive azoospermia, surgical removal of spermatozoa from the testis is conducted after biopsy (TESE).

Common reasons for applying Microfertility?

One of the most common reasons for choosing the Microfertility method is male infertility due to severe sperm disorders. In particular, oligospermia, low sperm motility, very poor sperm morphology, failure to fertilize oocytes in previous attempts. This is a series of fertility problems that microencapsulation could solve. 

Microfertility may also be the appropriate method for couples with a low number of eggs in an oocyte. In this scenario, Microfermatization (ICSI) is used to fertilize as many ova possible and they are usually much more than are fertilized under the classic method, where ova and sperm are placed together and mixed.

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